About me


I am a PhD student in the Karubian lab of the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology of Tulane University, New Orleans. I study the adaptive significance and proximate underpinnings of divergent patterns of sexual dimorphism in Malurus fairywrens.

My main study species are white-shouldered fairywrens (Malurus alboscapulatus) of Papua New Guinea and I dabble with their sister species, red-backed fairywrens (M. melanocephalus) of Australia. Here, my main research interest are determining if female ornament evolution is a product of male mate choice and/or intense female-female competition. Additionally, I am exploring the role androgen play in promoting divergent morphological phenotypes and what role they play in song and aggressive behaviours. My tentative goal is to conduct this approach within the bicolored clade of fairywrens, but I am predomitately focused (for now) on white-shouldered fairywrens.

Wren Map
Variation in the extent of sexual dichromatism in white-shouldered fairywrens (Malurus alboscapulatus). Left: highly dichromatic populations of Western Province, Papua New Guinea (brown circle). Right: nearly monochromatic populations of Milne Bay Province (black circle). In each bird photo, males are positioned on the left and females on the right.

In red-backed fairywrens (below), I goal is to explore on within-population phenotypic plasticity in achieving ornamentation in males and if mechanisms explaining this are conserved across species (between white-shouldered fairywrens, specifically).

Female (left) and male (right) red-backed fairywrens (Malurus melanocephalus)

Prior to attending Tulane, I received my Bachelors and Masters at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina under the advisement of Dr. Lynn Siefferman. As a master’s student, I studied interspecific aggression between golden-winged and chestnut-sided warblers. My research indicates that  aggression is a product of misidentification rather than interspecific competition, as is commonly inferred when two species behave agonistically. As an undergraduate, I focused on interspecific competition between eastern bluebirds and tree swallows, with a focus on how bluebirds deal with a novel (in this region), dominant interspecific competitor.

Top panel: Golden-winged warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) (1) male and (2) female as well as (3-4) two different color patterns of hybrid, Brewster’s warbler. Bottom panel: Chestnut-sided warbler and comparison between warbler species.